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Book Chapter

Publication Title

The Nuremberg Trials: International Criminal Law Since 1945

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Robert H. Jackson (1892-1954) was a Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States when President Truman asked him in April 1945 to take on, and Jackson accepted responsibility to be the chief United States prosecutor of Nazi war criminals. The International Military Tribunal proceedings that commenced seven months later in Nuremberg, Germany—the first and, in public memory, the Nuremberg trial—are, like Jackson himself, well-known, especially to this audience of participants, witnesses and experts.

The Nuremberg story of Justice Jackson—he who was first among Allied equals at Nuremberg; he who was its architect—is not, however, merely a story of one man in the place where he spent a year trying criminal cases of enormous, and permanent, significance. Much of Jackson's "Nuremberg" actually occurred elsewhere, in Jackson's fifty-three years of living before Lord Geoffrey Lawrence gaveled the IMT trial proceedings to order on Tuesday, November 20, 1945.


Chapter from book entitled The Nuremberg Trials: International Criminal Law Since 1945

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